Etats-Unis/ Mexique: le grand basculement


Entrevue Institut des Amériques, 22 février 2017.

Robert Boyer, Économiste et membre du Conseil scientifique de l’IdA, analyse les relations Etats-Unis / Mexique depuis l’élection de Donald Trump et nous présente 5 scénarios.

From the variety of socioeconomic regimes to contemporary international relations


In Policy Change Under New Democratic Capitalism Edited by Hideko Magara, Chapitre 10,Routledge,  ,  2017, p. 202-222.

About the Book

Democratic capitalism in developed countries has been facing an unprecedented crisis since 2008. Its political manageability is declining sharply. Both democracy and capitalism now involve crucial risks that are significantly more serious than those observed in earlier periods. The notion of policy regimes has gained new significance in analysing the possibilities for a post-neoliberal alternative. Policy innovations directed towards an economic breakthrough require both political leadership and a new economic theory. The processes of political decision making have become quite distant from the public realm, and a limited number of economic and political elites exert influence on public policy.

This book examines, from a policy regime perspective, how developed countries attempt to achieve such a breakthrough at critical junctures triggered by economic crises. It initially assesses the nature of the present crisis and identifies the actors involved. Thereafter, it provides an analytical definition of a crisis, stressing that most crises contain within them the potential to be turned into an opportunity. Finally, it presents a new analytical design in which we can incorporate today’s more globalized and fluid context.

Table of Contents

I.Introduction

1.New Models of Democratic Capitalism and Policy Regime Change (Hideko Magara)

II.Models of New Democratic Capitalism

2.Crisis, Oportunity and Democracy in Contemporary Europe (Philippe Schmitter)

3.The Rise of the European Consolidation State (Wolfgang Streeck)

4.Cost of Democracy: Changing Aspects of Modern Democracy (Hiroshi Shiratori)

5.Institutional Change and Regime Crisis: A Critical Viewpoint on Neoliberalism (Toshio Yamada)

III.Comparative analyses

6.The Political-Economic Implications of De-industrialization with Varieties of Capitalism: An EU-Japan Comparative Analysis (Hiroyasu Uemura and Shinji Tahara)

7.Growth, Employment and Social Security Governance in the EU and Japan (Koji Fukuda)

8.The Diversity of the ‘Neoliberal Policy Regime’ and Income Distribution (Yuji Harada)

IV.Regime Competition in International Rivalry and Cooperation

9.Using Neofunctionalism to Understand the Disintegration of Europe (Philippe Schmitter and Zoe Lefkofridi)

10.From the Variety of Socioeconomic Regimes to Contemporary International Relations (Robert Boyer)

11.Balance-of-Payments Constraints, Change in Income Distribution, and Economic Growth in the Era of Globalization (Hiroshi Nishi)

About the Editor

Hideko Magara is Professor in the Graduate School of Political Science, Waseda University, Japan

About the Series

Routledge Research in Comparative Politics

Learn more…

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
POL024000
POLITICAL SCIENCE / Public Policy / Economic Policy
POL033000
POLITICAL SCIENCE / Globalization

A world of contrasted but interdependent inequality regimes: China, United-States and European Union


Review of Political economy, Vol. 27, n° 4, October 2015, p. 481-517.

 

Abstract:

A number of contemporary paradoxes warrant explanation. First, in China, economic development has reduced poverty but dramatically increased inequalities. Second, the finance-led growth regime of North America has brought about a rupture with the Fordist Golden Age, causing a surge of inequality because of quite specific spill-over effects from the economy to policy. Third, the Eurozone crisis is often perceived as reflecting the limits of welfare states and the ideal of social equality, but some countries continue to exhibit an extended welfare system, moderate inequalities and a dynamic innovation and production system. To explain these paradoxes, this article applies a socio-economic approach based upon the concept of inequality regimes. Conventional interpretations stress the universality of the mechanisms that widen individual inequalities within each nation-state but reduce the hierarchy of national standards of living. This analysis, however, concludes that China, North America and Europe do not follow the same trajectory at all, since they have developed contrasting regimes of inequality that co-evolve and are largely complementary at the global level. This suggests an alternative to the hypothesis of an irreversible globalization of inequality.